Is Parmesan Cheese Halal? An In-Depth Look into Its Production and Ingredients

Traditional Parmesan is a kind of hard cheese produced primarily in the Italian regions of Emilia Romagna, Piedmont, and Lombardy. It’s made with cow’s milk that has been partially skimmed and treated with enzymes (known as rennet) to encourage coagulation. 

After the curd is separated from the whey, it’s pressed into large rectangular blocks and aged for at least 18 months, developing unique flavor compounds along the way. 

Finally, it is grated or cut into small pieces before being packaged and shipped off to restaurants, supermarkets and grocers around the world. 

What is Parmesan Cheese?

Parmesan cheese is a hard, granular cheese that is often used as a grating cheese. It is made from unpasteurized cow’s milk and has a minimum aging time of 10 months. Parmesan cheese originated in Italy and is now produced all over the world.

Via: Today

There are many different types of Parmesan cheese, each with its own distinct flavor. The most common type of Parmesan cheese is the Grana Padano, which has a milder flavor than other types of Parmesan cheese. Parmigiano-Reggiano is another popular type of Parmesan cheese that has a more intense flavor.

Parmesan cheese can be used in many different dishes, such as pasta dishes, salads, and soupes. It can also be used as a topping for pizza or breadsticks.

Halal Guidelines for Food and Drink

There are a number of factors to consider when determining whether or not Parmesan cheese is halal. 

The first is the source of the milk. If the cows are not fed halal feed or given any hormones or antibiotics, then the milk is considered halal. 

The second factor is the addition of rennet. Rennet is an enzyme that helps coagulate the milk and form cheese. It can be sourced from either plant or animal sources. If it is sourced from animals, it must be from a halal slaughtered animal. 

The third factor to consider is the manufacturing process. Most Parmesan cheeses are made with microbial rennet, which is derived from plants and considered halal. 

However, some manufacturers may use animal-derived rennet, so it is important to check with the manufacturer to be sure. 

Many Parmesan cheeses are flavored with annatto, a natural food coloring derived from achiote tree seeds. While annatto itself is considered halal, some scholars consider it to be questionable due to its potential for contamination with pork products during processing

Ingredients of Parmesan Cheese

Parmesan cheese is made from raw cow’s milk. The milk is first pasteurized, then rennet is added to coagulate the milk. Once the curds form, they are cut into small pieces and cooked at a low temperature. The whey is then removed and the curds are pressed into molds, where they are left to age for at least 10 months.

During the aging process, Parmesan cheese develops its distinctive flavor and aroma. This is due to the breakdown of proteins into amino acids, which creates compounds that contribute to the cheese’s flavor. After aging, Parmesan cheese is typically grated or shredded before being used as a topping or ingredient in recipes.

Parmesan cheese contains several key ingredients that contribute to its flavor and texture. These include:

  • Milk: As mentioned above, Parmesan cheese is made from raw cow’s milk. The type of milk used plays a significant role in the flavor of the final product.
  • Rennet: Rennet is an enzyme that helps coagulate milk, which is necessary for making cheese. Without rennet, cheeses would not be able to form their characteristic texture.
  • Salt: Salt is added to Parmesan cheese during the manufacturing process in order to help preserve it and give it flavor. Too much salt can make Parmesan cheese taste overly salty, so it’s important to use a moderate amount.

Production Process of Parmesan Cheese

Parmesan cheese is made using cow’s milk. The milk is first heated and then cooled to help form the curds. The curds are then strained and placed in molds where they are pressed to get rid of excess whey. 

After that, the Parmesan cheese is brined for about 10 days to add flavor and help preserve it. Once it has been brined, the Parmesan cheese is left to age for at least 12 months. 

Via: Dairyreporter

During the ageing process, the cheese is regularly turned and rubbed in salt. Turning and rubbing helps to promote a strong flavor as well as extend its shelf-life. Once the Parmesan cheese has aged for long enough, it is cut into smaller pieces and packaged.

Is Parmesan Cheese Halal?

One of the most common questions that Muslims have about food is whether Parmesan cheese is halal. While there are different opinions on this question “Is Parmesan Cheese Halal?” the general consensus is that Parmesan cheese is not halal.

The reason for this is that Parmesan cheese is made with rennet, which is a coagulant that is derived from the stomachs of calves. Rennet is not permissible in Islam, as it is considered to be an animal product.

Parmesan cheese also contains other non-halal ingredients such as sodium caseinate and cellulose powder. Sodium caseinate is a milk derivative, and cellulose powder is derived from plant sources; however, both of these ingredients are often products of animal origin. For this reason, Parmesan cheese would not be considered halal by most Muslims. 

In conclusion, it is likely that Parmesan cheese is not halal. Muslims should exercise caution when consuming such products and verify the ingredients before consumption.

Alternatives to Traditional Parmesan Cheese

There are a few plant-based cheeses on the market that can be used as an alternative to traditional Parmesan cheese. 

One example is Parma! Vegan Parmesan Alternative, which is made with cashews, nutritional yeast, and sea salt. A

Another option is Nutritional Yeast Flakes by Bragg, which can be added to pasta or other dishes for a cheesy flavor. There’s Follow Your Heart’s Vegan Gourmet Cheese Alternative, which comes in shreds, slices, and blocks and can be used in recipes that call for Parmesan cheese. 

There are also some dairy-based alternatives to Parmesan cheese, such as Grana Padano, Pecorino Romano, and Asiago. These cheeses all have a similar texture and flavor profile to Parmesan, but they may vary slightly in terms of intensity.


Is Parmesan Reggiano cheese halal?

Parmesan cheese is a popular cheese that is used in many dishes. While it is not explicitly stated whether or not Parmesan cheese is halal, there are some factors to consider when determining its status.

Parmesan cheese is made from cow’s milk. In Islam, the consumption of cow’s milk is permissible, but the slaughtering of cows is not. Therefore, if Parmesan cheese is made from the milk of slaughtered cows, it would not be halal.

Parmesan cheese also contains rennet. Rennet is an enzyme that helps coagulate the milk and form the curds that are used to make cheese. Rennet can be derived from animal sources, such as the stomach lining of calves, or from vegetable sources. If Parmesan cheese contains rennet from an animal source, it would not be halal.

Most Parmesan cheeses on the market today are made with vegetable rennet and are therefore considered halal. However, it is always best to check the labeling of any product to be sure that it does not contain any ingredients that are not permissible according to Islamic law.

Does Parmesan cheese have pork?

Parmesan cheese is a type of cheese that is made from cow’s milk. It is a hard cheese that has a salty, nutty flavor. Parmesan cheese is used in many Italian dishes, such as pasta and pizza.

Some people believe that Parmesan cheese contains pork because it is made from cow’s milk. However, this is not true. Parmesan cheese does not contain any pork products.

Does Parmesan have pork rennet?

Pork rennet is a common ingredient in Parmesan cheese. While some brands of Parmesan cheese do not use pork rennet, it is difficult to find a brand that does not use it. The vast majority of Parmesan producers use pork rennet, as it is the cheapest and most effective way to produce the cheese.production.

Is rennet in Parmesan cheese halal?

Yes, rennet is in Parmesan cheese. Rennet is a halal-certified enzyme that is used to coagulate milk during the cheese making process. While Parmesan cheese can be made without rennet, most commercially produced Parmesan cheeses contain rennet. There are a few brands of Parmesan cheese that are made without rennet and these can be found in some specialty stores or online.

Does Parmesan cheese have gelatin?

The answer to this question is a bit complicated. While Parmesan cheese itself does not contain gelatin, the production process often uses animal products that may not be suitable for those who are looking for a strictly halal product. In particular, many producers use rennet – an enzyme usually derived from the stomach lining of calves – to coagulate the milk. 

This means that there is a very real possibility that Parmesan cheese contains traces of gelatin. However, there are also Parmesan cheeses which are made using vegetarian-friendly enzymes, so it really depends on the brand and producer. If you’re concerned aboutgelatin being present in your Parmesan cheese, it’s best to check with the manufacturer or look for a specifically labeled ‘halal’ or ‘vegetarian’ product.


From this article, it is clear that Parmesan cheese can indeed be considered halal depending on how the production process of the cheese and its ingredients are sourced. Ultimately, it is up to each individual Muslim to determine whether or not a food product like Parmesan cheese is suitable for their religious dietary regulations so they should always ensure that they do their research prior to consuming any products with uncertain origins. We hope this article has helped provide some clarity on this issue and given you an insight into why certain types of Parmesan cheese might be preferable over others when considering your meal options as a Muslim.